Translacteal infection of baby calves, feeder pigs and puppies during lactation

Published: Dec 19, 2017
colostrums nematode larvae translacteal infection

The present study examines the probability of translacteal transmission via colostrum of gastrointestinal nematode infections in baby calves, feeder pigs and puppies. Colostrum samples from dairy cows, sows and bitches were examined for the presence of larvae. The results of the study are as follows: The colostrum of 12 cows out of 342 examined was infected (3,5%) and the larvae identified were Toxocara, vitulorum, Strongyloides sp. And Bunostomum sp. The colostrum of 2 sows out of 125 examined was infected with larvae of Strongyloides sp. (1,6%). The colostrum of 123 bitches out of 217 examined (56,7%) was shown to be positive for Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma sp. and Strongyloides sp.

Article Details
  • Section
  • Research Articles
Download data is not yet available.
Barriga, O.O. (1991): Rational control of canine toxocariasis by the veterinary practitioner. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 198, pp.
Boes J., Johansen M.V., Eriksen L.,. Begh H.O, Nansen P. and Stephenson L.S. (1998): False-positive Trichuris suis egg counts in pigs in relation to coprophagia. Parasite 5, pp. 91-93.
Burke T.M. and Roberson E.L. (1985): Prenatal and lactational transmission of Toxocara canis and Ancylostoma caninum: Experimental infection of the bitch before pregnancy. Int J Parasitol 15, pp. 71-75.
Burrows, CF., Batt, R.M., Sherding, R.G. (1995): Diseases of the small intestine. In: Ettinger, Translaktale Infektion von Milchkühen, Schweinen und Hündinnen während der Laktation. Costa, C.A.F., Vieira, L.S., Berne, M.E.A. (1987). Population dynamics of caprine parasitic in the Sertao of Inhamuns. In: Proc. IV Int. Conf. on Goats. Cearâ, Brasil, p. 1360.
Costa, C.A.F., Vieira, L.S. (1983): Contrôle de nematódeos gastrointestinais de caprinos e ovinos no Estado de Cearâ EMBRAPA/CNPC, Comunicado Tècnico No. 13 pp. 1-6.
Douglas J.R. and. Baker N.F. (1959): The chronology of experimental intrauterine infections with Toxocara canis (Werner, 1782) in the dog. J Parasitol (Suppl.) 45, pp. 43-44.
Dunn, A. (1969): Veterinary Helminthology, Heinemann, London.
Kelley G.W. and Nayak D.P. (1965): Passive immunity to Ascaris suum tranferred in colostrum from sows to their offspring. Am J Vet Res 26, pp. 948-950.
Lewis J.W. and Maizels R.M. (1993): Toxocara and toxocariasis Clinical, epidemiological and molecular perspectives Institute of Biology, London Lightner L., Christensen, B.M. and Beran, G.W., (1978): Epidemiologic findings on canine and feline intestinal nematode infections from records of the Iowa State University veterinary clinic. J. Am. Vet. Med. Assoc. 172, pp. 564-567.
Maizels Rick M., Kevin K. Tetteh A. and Loukas Alex (2000): Toxocara canis: genes expressed by the arrested infective larval stage of a parasitic nematode, International Journal for Parasitology, Volume 30, Issue 4, Pages 495-508.
Nansen, P. & Roepstorff, Α., (1999): Parasitic helminths of the pigs: factors influecing transmission and infection levels. Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Ridebanevej 3, DK-1870. International Journal for Parasitology, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp: 877-891.
Olson L.D. and Gaafar S.M. (1963): Absence of prenatal infection with Ascaris lumbricoides in swine. J Am Vet Med Assoc 143, pp. 1217-1218.
Oshima T. (1961): Influence of pregnancy and lactation on migration of the larvae of Toxocara canis in mice. J Parasitol 47, pp. 657-660.
Payne-Johnson M., Maitland T. P., Sherington J., Shanks D. J., Clements P. J. M., Murphy M. G., McLoughlin Α., Jernigan A. D. and Rowan T. G. (2000): Efficacy of selamectin administered topically to pregnant and lactating female dogs in the treatment and prevention of adult roundworm (Toxocara canis) infections and flea (Ctenocephalides felis felis) infestations in the dams and their pups, Veterinary Parasitology, Volume 91, Issues 3-4, Pages 347-358
Payne P. A. and Ridley R. K. (1999): Strategic use of ivermectin during pregnancy to control Toxocara canis in greyhound puppies, Veterinary Parasitology, Volume 85, Issue 4, Pages 305-312
Shoop W.L. (1991): Vertical transmission of helminths: hypobiosis and amphiparatenesis. Parasitol Today 7, pp. 51-54.
Smith H.V. (1991): Immune evasion and immunopathology in Toxocara canis infection. In: M.W. Kennedy Editor, Parasitic Nematodes-Antigens, Membranes and Genes Taylor and Francis, London, pp. 116-139.
Sprent J.F.A. (1958): Observations on the development of Toxocara canis (Werner, 1782) in the dog. Parasitology 48, pp. 184-210.
Stoye M. (1980): Kontamination fer Milch mit Parasiten-Stadien. Deutsch Tier Woch 87, p. 145.
Wall G. (1958): Zur Frage des prenatalen Spulwurmbefalls beim Schwein. Tiererztl Umschau 13, pp. 48-50.
Most read articles by the same author(s)