| More

Milk quality characteristics of indigenous sheep breeds Boutsko, Frisarta and Karagouniko

Views: 1016 Downloads: 409
I. SKOUFOS, I. GIANNENAS, A. KARAMOUTSIOS, A. TSINAS, G. K. PAPADOPOULOS, A. TZORA
I. SKOUFOS, I. GIANNENAS, A. KARAMOUTSIOS, A. TSINAS, G. K. PAPADOPOULOS, A. TZORA

Abstract


In this study, the chemical and microbiological characteristics of ovine milk from three indigenous Greek breeds, Boutsko, Frisarta and Karagouniko were examined, while reared in the semi mountainous areas. The milk yield of each sheep breed was recorded at the early, mid and late stages of lactation for two consecutive years. The average composition of the samples of ewe’s milk used in this study was similar for protein, lactose and total solids among the three; however fat values were significantly lower (p<0.05) in Frisarta milk compared to Boutsko and Karagouniko. Total viable cells of Boutsko and Karagouniko raw milk were lower (p<0.05) than those of Frisarta. Enterobacteria detected in bulk raw milk from Boutsko and Frizarta breeds were in lower numbers (p<0.05) compared to milk from Karagouniko breed. Somatic cells were also counted in lower numbers in milk collected from Boutsko and Karagouniko breeds compared to Frisarta. The percentage of detected as potentially pathogenic bacteria (coagulase negative staphylococci and enterobacteriae) was higher in the milk from Frisarta sheep milk.


Keywords


Boutsko breed; Frisarta breed; Karagouniko breed; microbiological quality; sheep milk milk physicochemical characteristics

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barrow GI, Feltham RKA (1993) Manual for the Identification of Medical Bacteria. Cambridge University Press, United Kingdom.

Bergonier D, Berthelot X (2003) New advances in epizootiology and control of ewe mastitis. Livest Prod Sci 79:1-16.

Bianchi L, Bolla A, Budelli E, Caroli A, Casoli C, Pauselli M, Duranti E (2004) Effect of udder health status and lactation phase on the characteristics of Sardinian ewe milk. J Dairy Sci 87:2401-2408.

Boza MA (1993) Conservation in action: past, present, and future of the national park system of Costa Rica. Conserv Biol 7:239-247.

Bramley AJ, McKinnon CH (1990) The microbiology of raw milk. Dairy Microbiol 1:163-208.

Burriel AR (1997) Dynamics of intramammary infection in the sheep caused by coagulase-negative staphylococci and its influence on udder tissue and milk composition. Vet Rec 140:419-423.

Clements ACA, Taylor DJ, Fitzpatrick JL (2003) Evaluation of diagnostic procedures for subclinical mastitis in meat-producing sheep. J Dairy Res 70:139-148.

Contreras A, Sierra D, Corrales JC, Sanchez A, Marco J (1996) Physiological threshold of somatic cell count and California Mastitis Test for diagnosis of caprine subclinical mastitis. Small Ruminant Res 21:259-264.

Contreras A, Sierra D, Sánchez A, Corrales JC, Marco JC, Paape MJ, Gonzalo C (2007) Mastitis in small ruminants. Small Ruminant Res 68:145-153.

Crowley ES, Bird PM, Torontali MK, Agin JR, Goins DG, Johnson R (2009) TEMPO®TVC for the enumeration of aerobic mesophilic flora in foods: Collaborative study. J AOAC Int 92:165-174.

Della Libera AMMP, Blagitz MG, Souza FN, Batista CF, Azedo MR, Gomes V (2011) Somatic cell and differential leukocytes count in relation to california mastitis test in santa ines ewes’ milk. Indian Vet J 88:19-21.

Downes FP (2001) Compendium of Methods for the Microbiological Examination of Foods, APHA.

Dulin AM, Paape MJ, Schultze WD, Weinland BT (1983) Effect of parity, stage of lactation, and intramammary infection on concentration of somatic cells and cytoplasmic particles in goat milk. J Dairy Sci 66:2426-2433.

EU (2004) Regulation (EC) No.853/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29. April 2004, laying down specific hygiene roles for food and animal origin. in Officional Journal of the European Communities. pp. I.226/22–82.

Fotou K, Tzora A, Voidarou C, Alexopoulos A, Plessas S, Avgeris I, Bezirtzoglou E, Akrida-Demertzi K, Demertzis PG (2011) Isolation of microbial pathogens of subclinical mastitis from raw sheep’s milk of Epirus (Greece) and their role in its hygiene. Anaerobe 17:315-319.

Fthenakis GC (1994) Prevalence and aetiology of subclinical mastitis in ewes of Southern Greece. Small Ruminant Res 13:293-300.

Fthenakis GC (1995) California Mastitis Test and Whiteside Test in diagnosis of subclinical mastitis of dairy ewes. Small Ruminant Res 16:271-276.

Fthenakis GC, El-Masannat ETS, Booth JM, Jones JET (1991) Somatic cell counts of ewes’ milk. Brit Vet J 147:575-581.

Giannenas I, Skoufos J, Giannakopoulos C, Wiemann M, Gortzi O, Lalas S, Kyriazakis I (2011) Effects of essential oils on milk production, milk composition, and rumen microbiota in Chios dairy ewes. J Dairy Sci 94:5569-5577.

Gomes V, Melville Paiva Della Libera AM, Paiva M, Madureira KM, Araújo WP (2006) Effect of the stage of lactation on somatic cell counts in healthy goats (Caprae hircus) breed in Brazil. Small Ruminant Res 64:30-34.

González-Rodríguez MC, Gonzalo C, San Primitivo F, Cármenes P (1995) Relationship between somatic cell count and intramammary infection of the half udder in dairy ewes. J Dairy Sci 78:2753-2759.

Green TJ (1984) Use of somatic cell counts for detection of subclinical mastitis in ewes. Vet Rec 114:43.

Guaraná ELDS, dos Santos RA, Campos AGSS, da Silva e Silva N, Afonso JAB, de Mendonça CL (2011) Cellular dynamics and microbiological of milk of Santa Inês ewes accompanied during lactation. Pesquisa Vet Brasil 31:851-858.

Haenlein GFW (2002) Relationship of somatic cell counts in goat milk to mastitis and productivity. Small Ruminant Res 45:163-178.

Hilali M, El-Mayda E, Rischkowsky B (2011) Characteristics and utilization of sheep and goat milk in the Middle East. Small Ruminant Res 101:92-101.

Hueston WD, Hartwig NR, Judy JK (1986) Detection of ovine intramammary infection with the California mastitis test. J Am Vet Med Assoc 188:522-524.

Kalogridou-Vassiliadou D, Manolkidis K, Tsigoida A (1992) Somatic cell counts in relation to infection status of the goat udder. J Dairy Res 59:21-28.

Kiossis E, Brozos CN, Papaioannou N, Tzanidakis N, Boscos C (2012) Endoscopic and histological findings in teats of dairy goats. J Hell Vet Med Soc 63:265-272.

Kondyli E, Katsiari MC (2002) Fatty acid composition of raw caprine milk of a native Greek breed during lactation. Int J Dairy Technol 55:57-60.

Kondyli E, Svarnas C, Samelis J, Katsiari MC (2012) Chemical composition and microbiological quality of ewe and goat milk of native Greek breeds. Small Ruminant Res 103:194-199.

Kuchtík J, Šustová K, Urban T, Zapletal D (2008) Effect of the stage of lactation on milk composition, its properties and the quality of rennet curdling in East Friesian ewes. Czech J Anim Sci 53:55-63.

Lafi SQ (2006) Use of somatic cell counts and California Mastitis Test results from udder halves milk samples to detect subclinical intramammary infection in Awassi sheep. Small Ruminant Res 62:83-86.

Leitner G, Chaffer M, Zamir S, Mor T, Glickman A, Winkler M, Weisblit L, Saran A (2001) Udder disease etiology, milk somatic cell counts and NAGase activity in Israeli Assaf sheep throughout lactation. Small Ruminant Res 39:107-112.

Mavrogenis AP, Koumas A, Kakoyiannis CK, Taliotis CH (1995) Use of somatic cell counts for the detection of subclinical mastitis in sheep. Small Ruminant Res 17:79-84.

Morand-Fehr P, Fedele V, Decandia M, Le Frileux Y (2007) Influence of farming and feeding systems on composition and quality of goat and sheep milk. Small Ruminant Research 68:20-34.

Nudda A, Battacone G, Neto OB, Cannas A, Francesconi AHD, Atzori AS, Pulina G (2014) Feeding strategies to design the fatty acid profile of sheep milk and cheese. Rev Bras Zootec 43:445-456.

Nunes EA, Bonatto SJ, de Oliveira HHP, Rivera NLM, Maiorka A, Krabbe EL, Tanhoffer RA, Fernandes LC (2008) The effect of dietary supplementation with 9-cis:12-trans and 10-trans:12-cis conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) for nine months on serum cholesterol, lymphocyte proliferation and polymorphonuclear cells function in Beagle dogs. Res Vet Sci 84:62-67.

Owen M, Willis C, Lamph D (2010) Evaluation of the TEMPO® most probable number technique for the enumeration of Enterobacteriaceae in food and dairy products. J Appl Microbiol 109:1810-1816.

Park YW, Juárez M, Ramos M, Haenlein GFW (2007) Physico-chemical characteristics of goat and sheep milk. Small Ruminant Res 68:88-113.

Pavić V, Antunac N, Mioč B, Ivanković A, Havranek JL (2002) Influence of stage of lactation on the chemical composition and physical properties of sheep milk. Czech J Anim Sci 47:80-84.

Peixoto RM, de França CA, de Souza Júnior AF, Veschi JLA, da Costa MM (2010) Etiology and profile of antimicrobial sensitivity of bacteria from small ruminant mastitis and relationship of diagnostic techniques. Pesquisa Vet Brasil 30:735-740.

Pengov A (2001) The role of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus spp. And associated somatic cell counts in the ovine mammary gland. J Dairy Sci 84:572-574.

Petridis IG, Mavrogianni VS, Gougoulis DA, Amiridis GS, Brozos C, Fthenakis GC (2012) Effects of drying-off procedure of ewes’ udder, with intramammary antibiotic administration, in subsequent mammary infection and development of mastitis. J Hell Vet Med Soc 63:273-282.

Pulina G, Nudda A, Battacone G, Cannas A (2006) Effects of nutrition on the contents of fat, protein, somatic cells, aromatic compounds, and undesirable substances in sheep milk. Anim Feed Sci Tech 131:255-291.

Sanz Sampelayo MR, Chilliard Y, Schmidely P, Boza J (2007) Influence of type of diet on the fat constituents of goat and sheep milk. Small Ruminant Res 68:42-63.

Suarez VH, Busetti MR, Miranda AO, Calvinho LF, Bedotti DO, Canavesio VR (2002) Effect of infectious status and parity on somatic cell count and California mastitis test in Pampinta dairy ewes. J Vet Med B 49:230-234.

Voutsinas LP, Delegiannis C, Katsiari MC, Pappas C (1988) Chemical composition of Boutsiko ewe milk during lactation. Milchwissenschaft 43:766, 769 - 771.

Yabrir B, Hakem A, Laoun A, Labiad M, Attia H, Mati A (2013) Composition and nitrogen distribution of Ouled-Djellal and rumba Algerian Ewe’s milk. Adv J Food Sci Technol 5:1220-1226.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 I SKOUFOS, I GIANNENAS, A KARAMOUTSIOS, A TSINAS, GK PAPADOPOULOS, A TZORA

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.