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The effect of percutaneous and surgical tracheotomy on thyroid hormones levels

Published: Apr 16, 2021
Thyroid hormones surgical tracheotomy percutaneous tracheotomy complications intensive care
Christina Sampani
Ioannis Kalemikerakis
Antonia Kalogianni
Dimitrios Papageorgiou

Background: The need for prolonged mechanical ventilation is one of the most serious cases of a disease in patients in intensive care units. Tracheostomy is often considered as a solution when mechanical ventilation is expected to be used for prolonged periods or for improvement of the respiratory state as this approach provides protection of the airways, facilitates access to remove secretions, improves patient convenience and promotes the development of care inside and outside the Intensive Care Unit (ICU).

Aim: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of surgical and percutaneous tracheotomy on thyroid hormones and to compare them.

Material & Methods: This is a non-randomized clinical trial. The studied sample consisted of 87 patients from the Intensive Care Unit of a General Hospital of Athens who underwent percutaneous or surgical tracheotomy.

Results: Thyroid-stimulating hormone levels were increased in surgical group compared to percutaneous group at 2 hours post procedure but the difference was not found statistically significant. The rise in post-operative levels of fT3 compared to preoperative was found statistically significant for surgical tracheostomy group. Elevated fT4 levels were found in both groups.

Conclusions: The effect of surgical versus percutaneous tracheostomy on thyroid hormone was analyzed and it was found that both procedures may affect the level of thyroid hormones, being significant in the surgical group.

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