| More

A GEOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF SOILS, APPLES AND LEAVES IN AGIA AREA, CENTRAL GREECE

Views: 171 Downloads: 96
K. Skordas, G. Papastergios, A. Filippidis, N. Kantiranis
K. Skordas, G. Papastergios, A. Filippidis, N. Kantiranis

Abstract


Forty two soil, apple and leaf samples from Agia area, central Greece, were collected and analyzed for their content in 7 major elements (Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na, NP and S). The average concentration of the determined elements follows the Norder: concentration in soils > concentration in leaves > concentration in apples. Elements, such as Fe that is found enriched in the soils of the study area, due to local geology, is not correlated with its concentrations in apples and leaves, possibly because of its association with resistant minerals. On the other hand, the relationship of some elements (i.e., K, P, S) that are constituents of the agrochemicals applied in the area, indicate that they are more readily available by the trees, either because they are associated with less resistant (clay) minerals, or because they derive through the application of agrochemical products (i.e., phosphate fertilisers, fungicides etc.).


Keywords


mobility of chemical element; environment; fertilizer; agrochemical

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alloway, B.J., 1995. Heavy Metals in Soils, 2nd ed. Blackie, Glasgow.

Alloway, B.J., Thornton, I. and Smart, G.A., 1988. Metal availability, Sci. Total Environ., 75, 41- 69.

Bobrowska-Grzesik, E. and Jakobik-Kolon, A., 2008. Leaching of cadmium and lead from dried fruits and fruit teas to infusions and decoctions, J. Food Compost. Anal., 21, 326-331.

Dudka, S., Piotrowska, M. and Chlopecka, A., 1994. Effect of elevated concentrations of Cd and Zn in soil on spring wheat yield and the metal contents of the plants, Water Air Soil Pollut., 76, 333-341.

Hesterberg, D., 1998. Biogeochemical cycles and processes leading to changes in mobility of chemicals in soils, Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 67, 121-133.

Kabata-Pendias, A. and Pendias, H., 2001. Trace elements in Soils and Plants, 3rd ed. CRC Press,New York.

Kelepertsis, A., Alexakis, D. and Kita, I., 2001. Environmental geochemistry of soils and waters of Susaki area, Korinthos, Greece, Environ. Geochem. Health, 23, 117-135.

Kelepertzis, E., 2014. Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Agricultural Soils of Mediterranean: Insights from Argolida Basin, Peloponnese, Greece, Geoderma, 221-222, 82-90.

Megremi, I., 2010. Distribution and bioavailability of Cr in central Euboea, Greece, Central Eur. J. Geosciences, 2, 103-123.

Newman, M. and Unger, M., 2003. Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology, 2nd ed., Lewis Publishers.

Nicholson, F.A., Smith, S.R., Alloway, B.J., Carlton-Smith, C. and Chambers, B.J., 2003. An inventory of heavy metals inputs to agricultural soils in England and Wales, Sci. Total Environ., 311, 205-219.

Otte, M.L., Haarsma, M.S., Broekman, R.A. and Rozema, J., 1993. Relation between heavy metal concentrations and salt marsh plants and soil, Environmental Pollution, 82, 13-22.

Papastergios, G., Fernandez-Turiel, J.L., Georgakopoulos, A. and Gimeno, D., 2009. Natural and anthropogenic effects on the sediment geochemistry of Nestos River, northern Greece, Environmental Geology, 58(6), 1361-1370.

Papastergios, G., Fernandez-Turiel, J.L., Georgakopoulos, A. and Gimeno, D., 2010. Arsenic background concentrations in surface soils of Kavala area, northern Greece, Water, Air Soil Poll., 209(1), 323-331.

Papastergios, G., Filippidis, A., Fernandez-Turiel, J.L., Gimeno, D. and Sikalidis, C., 2011. Surface soil geochemistry for environmental assessment in Kavala area, northern Greece, Water Air Soil Pollut., 216, 141-152.

Petrotou, A., Skordas, K., Papastergios, G. and Filippidis, A., 2010. Concentrations and bioavailability of potentially toxic elements in soils of an industrialised area of northwestern Greece, Fresen. Environ. Bull., 19, 2769-2776.

Petrotou, A., Skordas, K., Papastergios, G. and Filippidis, A., 2012. Factors affecting the distribution of potentially toxic elements in surface soils around an industrialized area of northwestern Greece, Environ. Earth Sci., 65, 823-833.

Rodriguez Martin, J.A., Lopez Arias, M. and Grau Corbi, J.M., 2006. Heavy metals contents in agricultural topsoils in the Ebro basin (Spain). Application of the multivariate geoestatistical methods to study spatial variations, Environmental Pollution, 144, 1001-1012.

Skordas, K. and Kelepertsis, A., 2005. Soil contamination by toxic metals in the cultivated region of Agia, Thessaly, Greece. Identification of sources of contamination, Environmental Geology, 48, 615-624.

Skordas, K., Pateras, D., Papastergios, G., Lolas, A. and Filippidis, A., 2010. Spatial distribution and concentrations of Fe, Mg, Co, Cr and Ni in surface soils of central Greece as affected by parent rocks, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, Sofia, 48, 95-102.

Skordas, K., Papastergios, G. and Filippidis, A., 2013. Major and trace elements contents in apples from a cultivated area of central Greece, Environ. Monit. Assess., 185, 8465-8471.

Wagner, G.J., 1993. Accumulation of cadmium in crop plants and its consequences to human health, Adv. Agron., 51, 173-212.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 K. Skordas, G. Papastergios, A. Filippidis, N. Kantiranis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.