P. Pomonis
V. Tsikouras
K. Hatzipanagiotou

The Triassic Glykomilia trachyandesites of the Koziakas mountain range (western Thessaly) are parts of the oldest volcanic series in continental central Greece. Rock fragments and blocks of pillowed alkali basalts, which are dispersed into the Koziakas ophiolite mélange, display similar subparallel chondrite-norme'ized trace and rare earth element patterns to the trachyandesites, suggesting cogenetic origin. However, the Glykomilia trachyandesites are more differentiated than the Koziakas alkali basalts, which display a different petrogenetic evolution from the basalts occurring in the Koziakas Ophiolite Unit. REE patterns and discrimination diagram plots reveal significant similarities to Triassic volcanic rocks from the Hellenides, suggesting also a VAB signature for the Glykomilia trachyandesites and a WPB affinity for the alkali basalts. Partial melting of a LILEenriched hydrous mantle under spreading conditions is suggested to give rise to Glykomilia trachyandesites. This partial melting episode was probably induced by the uplift of an OIB-type mantle plume, which subsequently produced the WPB alkali basalts of the Koziakas ophiolite mélange. The close association cf both the Glykomilia trachyandesites and the Koziakas alkali basalts with cherts lead to the hypothesis of eruption in a deep rift basin.

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