| More

An investigation of the Presence of aflatoxins in feeds in Greece

Views: 15 Downloads: 6


The great importance of aflatoxins' toxicity together with the fact that their existence in feeds has not examined intensively in Greece, were the reasons for undertaking this investigation in order to determine whether a potential problem exists and if so, to study the extent of this problem. For that purpose 450 samples, of different kinds of feeds, taken randomly from all over the country between the years 1974 and 1977, were examined. The data obtained can be concerned as encouraging, since only 23 samples (5,11%) were confirmed as positive, and the concentrations of aflatoxins were, most of all, below the European Economic Community tolerances for feeds. Considering that nobody can prejudge the repeatability of these favourable data it is imposed to control continually and systematically the aflatoxin level in feeds and to establish a relative legislation in our country.


Allcroft, R.. Carnaghan, R.B.A., Sargeant, Κ. & O'Kelley, J. (1961): A toxic factor in Brazilian groundnut meal. Vet. Record, 73,428.

Allcroft, R. & Carnaghan, R.B.A. (1963): Groundnut toxicity: An examination for toxin in human food products from animals fed toxic groundnut meal. Vet. Record, 75:259-63

A.O.A.C. (1970): Official Methods of Analysis «426-436 11th Edit. Washington.

A.O.A.C, (1975): «Official Methods of Analysis» 462-473. 12th Edit. Washington.

Archibald, R. McG., Smith, H.J. & Smith, J.D. (1962): Brazilian groundnut toxicosis in Canadian broiler chickens. Can. Yet. J., 3: 322-25.

Asplin, F.D. & Carnaghan, R.B.A. (1961): The toxicity of certain groundnut meals for poultry with special reference to their effect on ducklings and chickens. Vet. Record, 73: 1215-19.

Βαλταδώρος, Α.Δ. (1971): «Μυκοτοξίναι καί ή έπ' αυτών έρευνα της χημείας καί της τεχνολογίας τών σιτηρών «Χημικά Χρονικά», 233-239.

Βασιλόπουλος, Β. (1968): «Άνίχνευσις καί προσδιορισμός της άφλατοξίνης». Ελληνική Κτηνιατρική, τεΰχ. Ιο, 63-70.

Blount, W.P., Fraser, D.M., Knight, D. & Dowling, W.M. (1963): The use of ducklings for the detection of aflatoxin. Vet. Record, 75:35.

Brown, J. M.M. & Abrams, L. (1965): Biochemical studies on aflatoxicosis. Ontesterpoort J. Vet. Res., 32:119-46.

Campbell, A.D. (1977): «Food Mycotoxins Survey and Monitoring Programs ». Pure and Appi. Chem., 49, 1703-1707.

Carnaghan, R.B.A., Lewis, G. Patterson, D.S.P & Allcroft, R. (1966): Biochemical and pathological aspects of groundnut poisoning in chickens. Pathol. Vet., 3:601:15.

Carnaghan, R.B.A. & Sargeant, K. (1961): The toxicity of certain groundnut meals to poultry. Vet. Record, 73:726-27.

Ciegler, (1976): «Mycotoxins in Animal Feeds: The extent and Nature of the Problem». National Renderers Ass., Inc. Brussels Regional Office.

De Andres, V. (1967): Absorcion, acumulation, accion, metabolica, eliminacion de la aflatoxina en dos razas de gallinas. Thèse Fac. Vet. Univ. Madrid.

Gondblath, L.A., Dollear, F.G. (1977): «Review of prevention, Elimination, and Detoxification of Aflatoxins». Pure and Appi. Chem, 49, 1759-1764.

Goldblatt, L.A., (1972): «Aflatoxin, Scientific Back ground, Gontrol, and Implications. 2 n d Edit. Academic Press. Ν. York, London.

IUPAC, (1973): «Symposium on the Control of mycotoxins» Butterwoths London.

Krogh. P. (1977): «Mycotoxin Tolerances in Foodstuffs». Pure and Appi. Chem. 49, 1719-1721.

Lebreton, E., Frayssinet, C. & Boy, J. (1962): Sur Γ apparition d' hepatomes spontanés chez le rat Wistar. Rôle de la toxine d' Aspergillus flavus. Intérêt en pahologie humaine et en cancérologie expérimentale. CR. Acad. Sci., 255:784.

Lancaster, M.C., Jenkin, F.P. & Philip, Me L. (1961): Toxicity associated with certain samples groundnuts, Nature, 192:1095.

Rodricks, J.V. (1976): «Mycotoxins and Other Fungal Related Food Problems ». Advances in Chemistry Series. An Edition of American Chemical Society. Washington.

Sargeant, K., (J Kelley, J., Carnaghan, R.B.A. & Allcroft, R. (1961): The assay of a toxic principle in certain groundnut meals. Vet. Record, 73:1219-23.

Sargeant, K., Sherihan, Α., Ο' Kelley, J. & Carnaghan, R.B.A. (1961): Toxicity associated with cartain samples of groundnuts. Nature 199:1096-97.

Van der Linde, J.A., Frens, A.M. & Van Esch, G.J. (1964): Experiments with cows fed groundnut meal containing aflatoxin, in mycotoxins in foodstuffs. Proc. Int. Symp. Mycotoxins in foodstuffs. M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Wogan, G.N. (1965): «Mycotoxins in Foodstuffs». M.I.T. Press. Cambridge. Massachusets.

Zintzen, H. (1972): «The Aflatoxin Problem». Roche, News and Reviews, 6-13.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.