Effects of Beta Vinasse Supplementation on Performance, Meat Quality and Ilio- Caecal Microflora in Quail Rations

Published: Ιαν 21, 2023
betaine β-vinasse Lactobacillus spp performance quails
DY Yeşilbağ
I Cetin
SS Cengiz
E Cetin
M Sarpasar

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of β-vinasse supplementation on the live weight (LW), live weight gain (LWG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass yield, meat quality and ilio-caecal bacteriological flora of quails. A total of 240 5-d-old Japanese (Coturnix coturnix Japonica) quails, including both males and females, were divided into 3 groups 80 quails and treated as follow: a control group with 0 g β-vinasse/kg ration; (2) 15 g/kg β-vinasse and (3) 30 g/kg β-vinasse. The study lasted for 6 weeks. At the end of the experiment, suplementation with β-vinasse did not have significant effect on FI and FCR. Dietary supplementation with 30 g/kg β-vinasse significantly (P < 0.05)  increased LW (21 d) and LWG (5 to 21 d). The dietary treatment of quails with different levels of β- vinasse did not effect on hot carcass weight, cold carcass weights, hot and cold carcass yields and breast and thigh pH. The lightness (L*) and yellowness (b*) of breast values were significantly (P<0.05) increased of 30 g/kg supplementation. Different levels of β-vinasse significantly increased Lactobacillus spp. in faeces. As a result, it was concluded that β-vinasse (by-product obtained from molasses) can be used in quail diets as an alternative feed source that will meet the nutritional needs of the animal and have positive effects on the digestive system, especially on the intestinal health ( an increase in Lactobacillus spp. counts).

Article Details
  • Section
  • Research Articles
Download data is not yet available.
Ahmed MMN, Ismail ZSH, Abdel-Wareth AAA (2018) Effect of dietary
supplementation of prebiotic, betaine and their combination on
growth performance,nutrient digestibility, carcass criteria and cecum
microbial population of ducks under hot environmental conditions.
Egypt Poult Sci 38: 289-304.
Alahgholi M, Tabeidian SA, Toghyani M, Fosoul SSAS (2014) Effect of
betaine as an osmolyte on broiler chickens exposed to different levels
of water salinity. Archiv Tierzucht 4: 1-12.
Al-Sagan AA, Al-Yemni AH, Abudabos AM, Al-Abdullatif AA, Hussein
EO (2021) Effect of different dietary betaine fortifications on performance,
carcass traits, meat quality, blood biochemistry and hematology
of broilers exposed to various temperature patterns. Animals
AOAC (2000) Official Methods for Analysis. 18th ed. Arlington USA:
Association of Official Analytical Chemists.
Attia YA, Hassan RA, Qota EM (2009) Recovery from adverse effects of
heat stress on slow growing chicks in the tropics 1: Effect of ascorbic
acid and different levels of betaine. Trop Anim Health Prod 41: 807-
Attia YA, Hassan RA, Shehatta MH, Abd El-Hady SB (2005) Growth,
carcass quality and serum constituents of slow growing chicks as affected
by betaine addition to diets containing different levels of methionine.
Int J Poult Sci 4: 856-865.
Cengiz SS, Yesilbag D, Cetin I, Gunes NA, Eren M, Topaloglu G (2019)
Use of bromass in broiler rations as a different protein source. Revue
Med Vet 170: 95-103.
Cetin I, Yesilbag D, Cengiz SS (2021) Effects of Beta Vinasse Using on
Performance, Egg Production and Egg Quality in Layer Quail Diets.
J Anatolian Env Anim Sciences 6(1): 106-111.
Eklund M, Bauer E, Wamatu J, Mosenthin R (2005) Potential nutritional
and physiological functions of betaine in livestock. Nutr Res Rev 18:
El-Shinnawy AM (2015) Effect of betaine supplementation to methionine
adequate diet on growth performance, carcass characteristics, some
blood parameters and economic efficiency of broilers. J Anim Poult
Prod 6: 27-41.
Kettunen H, Peuranen S, Jatila H, Nurminen P, Saarinen M, Apajalahti
J (1999) Effect of betaine on the microbiology of the chicken gastrointestinal
tract. Proceedings of the 12th European Symposium on
Poultry Nutrition; 1999 Aug 15-19; Veldhoven (NL): World’s Poultry
Science Association p 186.
Klasing KC, Adler KL, Remus JC, Calvert CC (2002) Dietary betaine
increases intraepithelial lymphocytes in the duodenum of coccidia-
infected chicks and increases functional properties of phagocytes.
J Nutr 132: 2274-2282.
Kostadinović L, Lević J (2018). Effects of phytoadditives in poultry and
pigs diseases.
J Agron Technol Eng Manag 1: 1-7
Leeson S, Summers JD (2001) Nutrition of the Chicken. 4th ed. Guelph,
ON: University Books.
Lewicki W (2001) An introduction to vinasse from beet and cane molasses
fermentation. Int Sugar J 103:126-128.
Mahmoudnia N, Madani Y (2012) Effect of betaine on performance and
carcass composition of broiler chicken in warm weather Int J Agr Sci
: 675-683.
Metzler-Zebeli BU, Eklund M Mosenthin R (2009) Impact of osmoregulatory
and methyl donor functions of betaine on intestinal health and
performance in poultry. Worlds Poult Sci J 65: 419-441.
Nofal ME, Magda A, Galal SMM, Mousa M, Doaa MM, Yassein M,
Bealsh AMA (2015) Effect of dietary betaine supplementation on
productive, physiological and immunological performance and carcass
characteristic of growing developed chicks under the condition
of heat stress. Egypt Poult Sci 35:237-259.
NRC (1994) Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th ed. Washington, DC:
National Academy Press.
Nutautaite M, Alijošius S, Bliznikas, S, Šašyt ˙ e V, Vilien ˙ e V, Pockevi
ˇcius A, Raceviˇci ˙ ut¯ e-Stupelien ˙ e A (2020) Effect of betaine, a
methyl group donor, on broiler chicken growth performance, breast
muscle quality characteristics, oxidative status and amino acid content.
Ital J Anim Sci 19: 621-629.
Parnaudeaua V, Condomc N, Oliverb R, Cazevieilleb P, Recous (2008)
Vinasse organic matter quality and mineralization potential as influenced
by raw material, fermentation and concentration processes.
Bioresour Technol 99: 1553–1562.
Rao SVR, Raju MWLN, Panda AK, Sahaira P, Sunder GS (2011) Effect of
supplementing betaine on performance, carcass traits and immune responses
in broiler chicken fed diets containing different concentration
of methionine. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 24: 662-669.
Ratriyanto A, Indreswari R, Nuhriawangsa AMP (2017) Effects of dietary
protein level and betaine supplementation on nutrient digestibility
and performance of Japanese Quails. Braz JPoult Sci 19: 445-454.
Ratriyanto A, Mosenthin R, Bauer E, Eklund M (2009) Metabolic, osmoregulatary
and nutritional functions of betaine in monogastric animals.
Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 22: 1461-1476.
Shah M, Zaneb H, Masood S, Ullah Khan R, Ashraf S, Sikandar A, Rehman
HFU, Rehman HU (2019) Effect of Dietary Supplementation of
Zinc and Multi-Microbe Probiotic on Growth Traits and Alteration of
Intestinal Architecture in Broiler. Probiotics and Antimicrob Proteins
(2019) 11:931–937.
Shokryazdan P, Faseleh Jahromi M, Liang JB, Ramasamy K, Sieo CC, Ho
YW (2017) Effects of a Lactobacillus salivarius mixture on performance,
intestinal health and serum lipids of broiler chickens. PLoS
ONE 12(5): e0175959.
SPSS 2016.SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 24. Armonk. NY. IBM.
Stemme K, Gerdes B, Harms A, Kamphues J (2005) Beet-vinasse (condensed
molasses solubles) as an ingredient in diets for cattle and pigs-
Nutritive value and limitations. Anim Physiol Anim Nutr 89:179-183.
Uzunoglu K, Yalcin S (2019) Effects of dietary supplementation of beta ine and sepiolite on performance and intestinal health in broilers. Ank
Üniv Vet Fak Derg 66: 221–229.
Walter J (2008) Ecological role of lactobacilli in the gastrointestinal
tract:implications for fundamental and biomedical research. Appl Environ
Microbiol 74:4985-4996.
Weiss E, Eklund M, Semaskaite A, Urbaityte R, Metzler-Zebeli B,Sauer
N, Ratriyanto A, Gruzauskas R, Mosenthin R (2013) Combinations of
feed additives affect ileal fibre digestibility and bacterial numbers in
ileal digesta of piglets. Chech J Anim Sci 58: 351-359.
Yalcın SK, Eltan O, Karslı MA (2010) The nutritive value of modified
dried vinasse (ProMass) and its effects on growth performance, carcass
characteristics and some blood biochemical parameters in steer.
Rev Med Vet 161: 245-252.
Yang K, Qing Y, Yu Q, Tang X, Chen G, Fang R, Liu H (2021) By-Product
Feeds: Current understanding and future perspectives.Agriculture 11:
Most read articles by the same author(s)