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Παιδαγωγικές πρακτικές και μεθοδολογικές προτάσεις για την ενίσχυση της κοινωνικότητας των παιδιών προσχολικής ηλικίας. Εφαρμογή του προγράμματος “play with me”

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Ελευθερία Μπεαζίδου, Καφένια Μπότσογλου
Ελευθερία Μπεαζίδου, Καφένια Μπότσογλου

Περίληψη


Τα προβλήματα συμπεριφοράς που εκδηλώνουν τα παιδιά από την προσχολική ηλικία  αποτελούν στη σημερινή εποχή ένα ανησυχητικό φαινόμενο με έντονες κοινωνικές προεκτάσεις. Η εκπαιδευτική κοινότητα καλείται να διαχειριστεί αυτά τα προβλήματα αποδοτικά και αποτελεσματικά. Σε αυτή την κατεύθυνση, πολλοί επιστήμονες ασχολήθηκαν με μεθόδους και πρακτικές τόσο για την πρόληψη όσο και την αντιμετώπιση αυτών των φαινομένων (ενδοσχολική βία, αποκλεισμός κ.α) στη σχολική πραγματικότητα. Ωστόσο, οι καινοτόμες παιδαγωγικές πρακτικές που στηρίζονται σε  μεθοδολογικές προτάσεις (μοντέλα) και προωθούν νέες αντιλήψεις στην εκπαίδευση αυτών των παιδιών στην προσχολική ηλικία είναι ελάχιστες. Στο παρόν άρθρο παρουσιάζεται πρόγραμμα πρόληψης το οποίο δίνει τη δυνατότητα στους μαθητές να αναπτύσσονται γνωστικά, ψυχοσυναισθηματικά και κοινωνικά διαμέσου της συνεργασίας, της αλληλεπίδρασης και της σχέσης με τους συμμαθητές τους. Αποσκοπεί στην προαγωγή της κοινωνικής ικανότητας των μαθητών και στην εξάλειψη του κοινωνικού αποκλεισμού και των εκδηλώσεων βίας στο σχολικό περιβάλλον. Το παρόν πρόγραμμα στηρίζεται στα αποτελέσματα έρευνας μοντέλου πρόβλεψης της κοινωνικότητας των παιδιών στο νηπιαγωγείο. Η εφαρμογή του ολοκληρώνεται σε τρεις φάσεις με δραστηριότητες που είναι συνυφασμένες με το αναλυτικό πρόγραμμα σπουδών. 


Λέξεις κλειδιά


προβλήματα συμπεριφοράς; σχολική βία; κοινωνική ανάπτυξη; αποτελεσματικό μοντέλο; πρόγραμμα ανάπτυξης δεξιοτήτων

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