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Η ενίσχυση της ικανότητας αφήγησης φανταστικών ιστοριών παιδιών προσχολικής ηλικίας

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Ελένη Βρετουδάκη, Ευφημία Τάφα
Ελένη Βρετουδάκη, Ευφημία Τάφα

Περίληψη


Σκοπός της παρούσας εργασίας ήταν να εξετάσει την επίδραση ενός προγράμματος παρέμβασης για την  ενίσχυση της κατανόησης του δομικού πλαισίου των ιστοριών σε παιδιά προσχολικής ηλικίας με στόχο την παραγωγή φανταστικών ιστοριών. Το δείγμα της μελέτης αποτέλεσαν 56 παιδιά ηλικίας 5-6 ετών τα οποία φοιτούσαν σε 5 τάξεις νηπιαγωγείων της πόλης των Χανίων στην Κρήτη. Τα παιδιά του δείγματος χωρίστηκαν σε δύο ομάδες, μία πειραματική και μία ομάδα ελέγχου. Το πρόγραμμα εφαρμόστηκε μία φορά την εβδομάδα για 8 εβδομάδες. Στα παιδιά της πειραματικής ομάδας διαβάστηκαν 8 βιβλία με αφηγηματικά κείμενα. Σε κάθε συνεδρία, μετά την ανάγνωση του βιβλίου, εφαρμόστηκε μια πολυεπίπεδη στρατηγική μέσω της οποίας τα παιδιά εκπαιδεύτηκαν στην κατανόηση της δομής της ιστορίας και στην παραγωγή φανταστικών ιστοριών. Στα παιδιά της ομάδας ελέγχου διαβάστηκαν τα ίδια 8 βιβλία χωρίς να εφαρμοστεί κάποιο συγκεκριμένο πρόγραμμα ενίσχυσης του δομικού πλαισίου των ιστοριών. Τα αποτελέσματα έδειξαν ότι η στρατηγική που εφαρμόστηκε στο πρόγραμμα παρέμβασης βελτίωσε σημαντικά την ικανότητα των παιδιών της πειραματικής ομάδας να κατανοήσουν τα δομικά στοιχεία των ιστοριών και να παράγουν πιο οργανωμένες φανταστικές ιστορίες από ότι τα παιδιά της ομάδας ελέγχου. Επιπλέον, τη μεγαλύτερη βελτίωση στην παραγωγή φανταστικών ιστοριών την παρουσίασαν τα παιδιά που είχαν χαμηλό βαθμό επίδοσης στα αφηγηματικά κριτήρια. Τέλος, η βελτίωση των παιδιών διατηρήθηκε και μετά την είσοδό τους στο δημοτικό σχολείο.


Λέξεις κλειδιά


Αφήγηση; φανταστικές ιστορίες; προσχολική ηλικία;δομή της ιστορίας

Πλήρες Κείμενο:

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