| More


Views: 111 Downloads: 76
G. Papastergios, A. Filippidis, J.L Fernandez–Turiel, D. Gimeno, C. Sikalidis
G. Papastergios, A. Filippidis, J.L Fernandez–Turiel, D. Gimeno, C. Sikalidis


A total of 65 surface soils and 8 rock samples from the area surrounding the city of Kavala, Northern Greece, was collected and analyzed for their contents in 10 major and 32 trace elements. The extraction of the elements from the < 200μm soil fraction was based on the digestion of 0.1g of each sample with 2ml HNO3. The analytical methods used were ICP-OES and ICP-MS and the elements determined were Al, Ca, Cl, Fe, K, Mg, Na, P, S, Si, Ag, As, B, Ba, Cd, Ce, Co, nCr, Cs, Cu, Ga, Ge, Hg, La, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Rb, Sb, Se, Sn, Sr, Th, Ti, U, V, W, Y, Zn and Zr. Comparisons between the concentrations of the surface soil samples and the surrounding rock samples indicate that the majority of major, as well as, of trace elements are found in the surface soils of Kavala with such concentrations that are considered as the product of natural processes such as the weathering of parent rocks and pedogenesis. However, there are some nmajor elements (Cl, Na, S) and trace elements (Ag, As, Pb, V, Zn) that are present in the surface soils of the study area with elevated concentrations that cannot be regarded as the sole product of natural processes, but as the result of both, natural and anthropogenic activities, especially for the samples that are situated inside the industrial area of Kavala.


geochemistry; environment; soil; rock; Kavala; Greece;

Full Text:



Christoforidis A. and Stamatis N. 2009. Heavy metal contamination in street dust and roadside soil along

the major national road in Kavala’s region, Greece. Geoderma, 151: 257–263.

Christofides G., Koroneos A., Soldatos T., Eleftheriadis G. and Kilias, A., 2001. Eocene magmatism

(Sithonia and Elatia plutons) in the Internal Hellenides and implications for Eocene-Miocene geological

evolution of the Rhodope Massif (Northern Greece). Acta Vulcanologica, 13: 73-89.

Cui Y.J., Zhai R.H., Huang Y.Z., Qiu Y. and Liang J.Z., 2005. Exposure to metal mixtures and human

health impacts in a contaminated area in Nanning, China. Environment International, 31: 784-790.

Faure G. 1992. Principles and applications of inorganic geochemistry. N.Y. Macmillan Pub. Co. 626p.

Fernandez-Turiel J.L., Llorens J.F., López-Vera F., Gómez-Artola C., Morell I. and Gimeno D., 2000.

Strategy for water analysis using ICP-MS. Fresenius’ Journal of Analytical Chemistry 368: 601-606.

Fernandez-Turiel J.L., Aceñolaza P., Medina M.E., Llorens J.F. and Sardi F., 2001. Assessment of a smelter

impact area using surface soils and plants. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 23: 65-78.

Filippidis A., Georgakopoulos A., Kassoli-Fournaraki A., Misaelides P., Yiakkoupis P. and Broussoulis

J., 1996. Trace element contents in composite samples of three lignite seams from the central part of

the Drama lignite deposit, Macedonia, Greece. International Journal of Coal Geology, 29: 219-234.

Georgakopoulos, A., Fernandez-Turiel, J.L., Christanis, K., Kalaitzidis, S., Kassoli-Fournaraki, A.,

Llorens, J.F., Filippidis, A. and Gimeno, D., 2001. The Drama basin water: quality and peat/lignite

interaction. Environmental Geology, 41: 121-127.

Grigoriadou A., Schwarzbauer J. and Georgakopoulos A., 2008a. Molecular indicators for pollu-tion

source identification in marine and terrestrial water of the industrial area of Kavala city, North Greece.

Environmental Pollution, 151: 231–242.

Grigoriadou A., Schwarzbauer J. and Georgakopoulos A., 2008b. Organic geochemical parameters for estimation

of petrogenic inputs in the coastal area of Kavala City, Greece. Journal of Soils and Sediments,

: 253–262.

H.N.M.S. (Hellenic National Meteorological Service), 1978. Climatic data of the Greek network, period

– 1975, (in Greek), 100p.

Hesteberg D., 1998. Biochemical cycles and processes leading to changes in mobility of chemicals in

soils. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment, 67: 121-133.

Kabata-Pendias A. and Pendias H., 2001. Trace elements in soils and Plants, 3rd ed., CRC Press, New

York, 413p.

Kilias A.A., Falalakis G.and Mountrakis D.M., 1999. Cretaceous – Tertiary structures and kinematics of

the Serbomacedonian metamorphic rocks and their relation to the exhumation of the Hellenic hinterland

(Macedonia, Greece). International Journal of Earth Sciences, 88: 513-531.

Papastergios G., Georgakopoulos A., Fernandez –Turiel J.L., Gimeno D., Filippidis A., Kassoli-

Fournaraki A. and Grigoriadou A., 2004. Heavy Metals and Toxic Trace elements contents in selected

areas of the Kavala Prefecture, Northern Greece, Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36(1):


Papastergios G., Filippidis A., Christofides G., Kassoli-Fournaraki A., Fernandez-Turiel J.L., Georgakopoulos

A. and Gimeno D., 2007. Trace elements contents in uncultivated surface soils in the

Kavala area, northern Greece, Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 40(3): 1491-1498.

Papastergios G., 2008. Environmental geochemical study of soils and sediments in coastal areas, east of

Kavala (Macedonia, Greece) and production of geochemical maps via the use of GIS. (in Greek, with

English summary), PhD, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, 224p.

Papastergios G., Fernandez–Turiel J.L., Georgakopoulos A. and Gimeno D. 2009. Natural and anthropogenic

effects on the sediment geochemistry of Nestos River, northern Greece. Environmental Geology,

: 1361–1370.

Pe-Piper G. and Piper D.J.W., 2002.The igneous rocks of Greece, The anatomy of an orogen, Gebrüder

Borntraeger, Berlin; 573p.

Petalas C., Pliakas F., Diamantis I. and Kallioras A., 2004. Study of the distribution of precipitation in District

of Eastern Macedonia and Thrace for the Period 1964-1998, (in Greek with English abstract), Bulletin

of the Geological Society of Greece, 36(2): 1054-1063.

Ramsey M.H., 1997. Sampling and sampling preparation. In: Gill, R., (Editor), Modern Analytical Geochemistry,

An introduction to Quantitative Chemical Analysis Techniques for Earth, Environmental

and Materials Scientists, Pearson Education Limited, England, 329p.

Sastre J., Sahuquillo A., Vidal M. and Rauret G., 2002. Determination of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn in environmental

samples: microwave-assisted total digestion versus aqua regia and nitric acid extraction. Analytica

Chimica Acta, 462: 59-72.

Theophanides M., Anastassopoulou J., Vasilakos C., Maggos T. and Theophanides T., 2007. Mor-tality

and pollution in several Greek cities. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A, 42: 741-

Vavelidis M., Christofides G. and Melfos V., 1996. The Au-Ag bearing mineralization and placer gold of

Palea Kavala (Macedonia, N. Greece), Terranes of Serbia, The formation of the geologic framework

of Serbia and the adjacent regions, Eds: Knežević V. and Krstić B., Belgrade 1996, 311-316p.

Vavelidis, M., Melfos, V. and Eleftheriadis, G., 1997. Mineralogy and microthermometric investigations

in the Au-bearing sulphide mineralization of Palea Kavala (Macedonia, Greece). In: Papunen H. (Editor).

Mineral deposits: Research and exploration, where do they meet? Balkema, Rotterdam, 343-346.

Walsh J.N., Gill R. and Thirwall M.F., 1997. Dissolution procedures for geochemical and environmental

samples. In: Gill, R., (Editor), Modern Analytical Geochemistry, An introduction to Quantitative

Chemical Analysis Techniques for Earth, Environmental and Materials Scientists, Pearson Education

Limited, England, 329p.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 G. Papastergios, A. Filippidis, J.L Fernandez–Turiel, D. Gimeno, C. Sikalidis

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.