| More

The main medical problems of ostriches

Views: 214 Downloads: 252


Ostrich raising became recently a novel and seemingly profitable type of farming in Greece, and many other European countries. This review presents several medical conditions that may be observed during veterinary practice in these farms, or that may be imported in Greece by newly bought reproductive stock. An attempt was made to present ostrich diseases according to the principally affected organic system (digestive, respiratory, nervous, myoskeletal, reproductive etc.).


Στρουθοκάμηλος; υγεία

Full Text:



Stewart JS. Ratites. In: Avian Medicine. Principles and application. Eds: Ritchie BW, Harrison GJ , Harrison LR. Wingers Publishing Ine, Lake Worth, Florida, 1994:1284-1326

Stewart JS. Overview of the ratite industry: Past, present and future. Proc Assoc Avian Vet, 1992: 304-306

World Poultry, Vol 10, No 8,1994, p. 20

Merck Veterinary Manual. Ostriches. 8th edn. Merck & Co, Ine, Whitehouse Station, NJ, USA 1998:1367-1377

Jensen JM. Infectious and parasitic diseases of ratites. In: Zoo and wild animal medicine. Current therapy 3. Eds: FowlerME. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1993: 200-203

Shane SM, Tully Jr TN. Infectious diseases. In: Ratite management, medicine and surgery. Eds: Tully Jr TN, Shane SM. Krieger Publishing Co, Malabar, Florida 1996:127-146

Shane SM, Gyimah JE, Harrington KS, Snider III TG. Etiology and pathogenesis of necrotic enteritis. Vet Res Comm 1985,9: 269-287

Shane SM. The significance of Campylobacter jejuni infection in poultry: A review. Avian Pathol 1992,21:189-213

Wade JR. Ratite pediatric medicine and surgery. Proc Assoc Avian Vet, 1992: 340-353

Frank RK, Carpenter JW. Coronaviral enteritis in an ostrich (Struthio camelus) chick. J Zoo Wildl Med 1992,23:103-107

Allwright D, Wessels J. Cryptosporidium species in ostriches. Vet Ree 1993,133: 24

Craig TM, Diamond PL. Parasites of ratites. In: Ratite management, medicine and surgery. Eds: Tully Jr TN, Shane SM. Krieger Publishing Co, Malabar, Florida 1996:115-126

Barton NJ, Seward DA. Detection of Libyostrongylus douglassi in ostriches in Australia. Aust Vet J1993,70: 31-32

Button C, Barton N, Veale P, Overend G, Visser E. A survey of Libyostrongylus douglassi on ostrich farms in eastern Victoria. Aust Vet J 1993,70: 76

Fockema A, Malan FS, Cooper GG, Visser E. Anthelminthic efficacy of fenbendazole against Libyostrongylus douglassi and Houttuynia struthionis in ostriches. J S Afr Vet Assoc, 1985,56: 47-48

Malan FS, Gruss B, Roper N, Ashburner A, Du Plessis C. Resistance of Libyostrongylus douglassi in ostriches to levamisole. J S Afr Vet Assoc, 1988,59: 202-203

Allwright DM, Burger WP, Gayer A, Terblanche AW. Isolation of an influenza A virus from ostriches (Struthio camelus). Avian Pathol 1993,22: 59-65

Camus AC, Cho DY, Poston RP, Paulsen DP, Oliver JL, Law JM, Tully TN. Chlamydiosis in commercial rheas (Rhea americana). Avian Dis 1994,38: 666-671

Grimes J, Wigle WL, Arizmendi F. Naturally occurring chlamydial infections of ratites. Texas Veterinarian, Aug. 1993,17-18

Marks SL, Stauber EH, Ernstrom SB. Aspergillus in an ostrich. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1994,204: 784-785

Dewit J. Mortality of rheas caused by a Synghamus trachea infection. Vet Q 1995,17: 39-40

Samberg Y, Hadash D, Perelman B, Meroz M. Newcastle disease in ostrich (Struthio camelus): Field case and experimental infection. Avian Pathol 1989,18: 221-226

Tully Jr TN, Shane SM. Eastern equine encephalomyelitis in emus. Proc Assoc Avian Vet, 1992: 316-317

Tully TN, Shane SM, Poston RP, England JJ, Vice CA, Cho DY, Panigrahy B. Viscerotropic eastern encephalitis in a flock of emus (Drumaius novaehollandiae). Avian Dis 1992, 36: 808-819

Ayers JR, Lester TL, Angulo AB. An epizootic attributable to Western equine encephalitis virus infection in emus in Texas. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1994,205: 600-601

Kazacos K, Fitzgerald S, Reed W. Baylisascaris procyonis as a cause of cerebrospinal nematodiasis in ratites. J Zoo Wildlife Med 1991,22: 460-465

Kwiecien J, Smith D, Key D, Swinton J, Smith ML. Encephalitis attributed to larval migration of Baylisascaris species in emus. Can Vet J1993,34:176-178

Law J, Tully T, Stewart T. Verminous encephalitis apparently caused by the filaroid nematode Chandlerella quiscali in emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae). Avian Dis 1993, 37: 597-601

Stonebreaker R. Ratites. In: Avian medicine and surgery. Eds: Altman RB, Clubb SL, Dorrestein GM, Quesenberry Κ. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1997: 929-943

Wallach JD, Boever WJ. Diseases of exotic animals. WBSaunders Co, Philadelphia, 1983: 850-947

Flieg GM. Nutritional problems in young ratites. International Zoo Yearbook 1973,13:158-163

Rae M. Degenerative myopathy in ratites. Proc Assoc Avian Vet, 1992: 328-335

Gregory D, Edwards W, Stair E. A case of monensin poisoning in ostriches. Vet Hum Toxicol 1992, 34:247

Perelman B, Gur-Lavie A, Samberg Y. Pox in ostriches. Avian Pathol 1988,17:735-739

Allwright DM, Burger WP, Gayer A, Wessels J. Avian pox in ostriches. J S Afr Vet Assoc 1994,65: 23-25

Weisbroth SH, Seelig AW. Struthiolipeurus rhea (Mallophaga: Philopteridae), an ectoparasite of the common rhea (rhea americana). J Parasitol 1974,60:892-894

Hoover JP, Lochner FK, Mullins SB. Quill mites in an ostrich with rhinitis, sinusitis and airsacculitis. Companion Animal Practice, 1988: 2,23-26

Hicks KD. Ostrich reproduction. In: Zoo and wild animal medicine. Current therapy 3. Eds: Fowler ME. WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1993: 203-206

Shane SM, Camus A, Strain MG, Thoen CO, Tully TN. Tuberculosis in commercial emus (Dromaius novaehollandiae). Avian Dis 1993,37:1172-1176

Griffiths G, Buller N. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae infection in semi-intensively farmed emu. Austr Vet J1991,68:121-122

Okoh AE. An outbreak of pasteurellosis in a Kano zoo. J Wildl Dis 1980,16:3-5

Gruss B, Malan FS, Roper NA, Du Plessis C, Ashburner A. The anthelminthic efficacy of resorantel against Houttuynia struthionis in ostriches. J S Afr Vet Assoc, 1988,59: 207-208

Σωτηράκη Σ, Γεωργιάδης Γ, Αντωνιάδου-Σωτηριάδου Κ, Χειμώνας Χ. Τα εντερικά παράσιτα σε εκτροφές στρουθοκαμήλων στην Ελλάδα. Πρακτικά 8ου Πανελλήνιου Κτηνιατρικού Συνεδρίου 1999:52


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 SK KRITAS

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.