Profiling parents’ wellbeing with a newly developed positive parenting measure


Published: Νοε 18, 2022
Keywords:
Parenting Positive Parenting Latent Profile Analysis wellbeing NICOMACHUS Positive Parenting NPP LPA
Theodoros Kyriazos
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4396-7057
Anastassios Stalikas
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6431-4277
Abstract

This study focused on replicating the tenability and reliability of the 4-factor structure of a new positive parenting measure, namely NICOMACHUS – Positive Parenting (NPP). Positive parenting scores were used along with wellbeing scores (emotional, psychological, happiness, life satisfaction, positive emotions, life meaning) to profile respondents using Latent Profile Analysis (LPA). The sample included 489 respondents with at least a child aged 7–13 years during 2021-22 (amidst COVID-19). The 4-factor NPP structure was tenable and reliable. The significantly different 4-factor bifactor model vs. the first-order 4-factor model suggested there may be a general parenting factor simultaneously with the 4 specific positive parenting factors. Bifactor fit measures suggested both total and per factor NPP scores can be reliably calculated. Regarding LPA, 3 positive parenting–wellbeing profiles emerged with adequate size. Profile 1 (containing about 50% of the respondents) had the highest positive parenting and wellbeing scores. Profile 2 (containing about 35% of the respondents) had the 2nd highest positive parenting and the lowest wellbeing scores. Profile 3 (containing about 15% of the respondents) had the lowest positive parenting and the 2nd highest wellbeing scores. This 3-profile solution was cross-validated with 8 different clustering methods. Mean score differences across the 3 profiles were significant, with a large effect size for all the LPA inputs, suggesting that the derived profiles were significantly distinct from one another. There were significant associations between parental characteristics (age, role, education level, work status, annual income), child characteristics (gender, special needs, birth order), and profile membership.

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