| More

Treatment of feline pyothorax: A report of two spontaneous cases

Views: 199 Downloads: 905
A. F. KOUTINAS (Α.Φ. ΚΟΥΤΙΝΑΣ), N. N. PRASSINOS (Ν.Ν. ΠΡΑΣΙΝΟΣ), K. K. ADAMAMA-MORAITOU (Κ.Κ. ΑΔΑΜΑΜΑ-ΜΩΡΑΪΤΟΥ), M. G. KRITSEPI (Μ.Γ. ΚΡΙΤΣΕΠΗ)
A. F. KOUTINAS (Α.Φ. ΚΟΥΤΙΝΑΣ), N. N. PRASSINOS (Ν.Ν. ΠΡΑΣΙΝΟΣ), K. K. ADAMAMA-MORAITOU (Κ.Κ. ΑΔΑΜΑΜΑ-ΜΩΡΑΪΤΟΥ), M. G. KRITSEPI (Μ.Γ. ΚΡΙΤΣΕΠΗ)

Abstract


Two cases of feline pyothorax, presented in severe respiratory distress, were treated successfully by applying intermittent drainage and daily lavage of the pleural space with warm normal saline. Before that an indwelling thoracostomy tube had been fixed on the thoracic wall and left in place from 5 to 10 days. The only complication noticed was a symptomatic pneumothorax due to either tube malpositioning or damage to the tube wall. In both instances, the inspiratory dyspnea decreased or disappeared as soon as the tube was removed. Systemic and long term (6-9 weeks) treatment with antibiotics, combined with supportive measures and good nursing care, had a positive effect to the successful outcome in both cases.


Keywords


Πυοθώρακας; γάτα; θεραπεία

Full Text:

PDF

References


Jonas LD. Feline pyothorax: A retrospective study of twenty cases. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1983,19: 865-871.

Davies C, Forrester SD. Pleural effusion in cats: 82 cases (1987 to 1995). Small Anim Pract 1996,37: 217-224.

Whitehead JE. Differential diagnosis of dyspnea in the cat. Mod Vet Pract 1963,44: 43-45.

Hayward AHS. Thoracic effusions in the cat. Mod Vet Pract 1968,49: 46-49.

Creighton SR, Wilkins RJ. Thoracic effusions in the cat: Etiology and diagnosis features. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1975,11:66-76.

Sherding RG. Diseases of the pleural cavity. In: The Cat Diseases and Clinical Management. 2nd ed, Churchill Livingstone, New York, 1994:1053-1091.

Norsworthy GD. Feline Practice. JB Lippincott Co, Philadelphia, 1993.

Love DN, Jones RF, Bailey M, Johnson RS, Gamble N. Isolation and characterization of bacteria from pyothorax (empyema) in cats. Vet Microbiol 1982,7: 455-461.

Bauer T, Woodfield JA. Mediastinal, pleural, and extrapleural diseases. In: Textbook of Veterinary Internal Medicine. Diseases of the Dog and Cat. Ettinger SJ, Feldman EC (eds), 4th ed, Vol I, WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1995:812-842.

Sherding RG. Pyothorax in the cat. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 1979,1: 247-252.

Pidgeon G. Feline pyothorax. Calif Vet 1978, 32:11-13.

Tomlinson J. Review of pyothorax in the feline. Feline Pract 1980,10: 26-32.

Withrow S J, Fenner WR, Witkins RJ. Closed chest drainage and lavage for treatment of pyothorax in the cat. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1975,11: 90-94.

Crane SW. Surgical management of feline pyothorax. Feline Pract 1976,6:13-19.

Bauer T. Pyothorax. In: Current Veterinary Therapy IX. Small Animal Practice. Kirk RW (ed), WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1986:292-295.

Fooshee SK. Managing the cat with septic pleural effusion. Vet Med 1988,83: 907-913.

Ware WA. Dyspnea: diagnosis and management. In: Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine. August JR (ed), WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1991:147-169.

Nelson RW, Couto CG. Clinical manifestations of pleural cavity and mediastinal disease. In: Essentials of Small Animal Internal Medicine. Mosby Year Book, St Louis, 1992: 229-234.

Ishida T, Washizu T, Toriyabe K, Motoyoshi S, Tomoda I, Pederson NC. Feline immunodeficiency virus in cats of Japan. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1989,194: 221-225.

Dodds WJ. Bleeding disorders. In: Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine. August JR (ed), WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1991: 383-388.

ΜΙΧΑΗΛ ΣΓ. Συγκριτική Ανατομική των Κατοικίδιων Θηλαστικών. Θεσσαλονίκη 1975: 788-821.

Suter PF, Head JR. Pyothorax (thoracic empyema). In: Textbook of Veterinary Medicine. Ettinger SJ (ed), WB Saunders Co, Philadelphia, 1977: 792-796.

Dow SW, Jones RL. Anaerobic infections. Part II. Diagnosis and treatment. Comp Cont Educ Pract Vet 1987,9: 827-839.

Aucoin D. Target. The Antimicrobial Reference Guide to Efifective Treatment. 1st ed, North American Compendiums Ine, 1993.

Gutmann L, Goldstein FW, Kitzis MD, Hautefort B, Darmon C, Acar JF. Susceptibility of Nocardia aSteroides to 46 antibiotics, including 22 ß-lactams. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1983,23:248-251.

Turner WD, Breznock EM. Continous suction drainage for management of canine pyothorax - A retrospective study. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1988,24: 485-494.

Fellenbaum S. A surgical approach to pyothorax in the feline. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 1972,8:259-263.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 AF KOUTINAS, NN PRASSINOS, KK ADAMAMA-MORAITOU, MG KRITSEPI

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.