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The therapeutic relationship in systemic family and couple psychotherapy: different perspectives in development

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Valeria Pomini

Abstract


The relationship between therapist and client plays a central role in the quality and effectiveness of psychotherapy, independently from the therapeutic approach adopted by the therapist. The therapeutic relationship in the frame of Systemic Family and Couple Psychotherapy (SFCP), presents several peculiarities, especially when displayed in the "classical" therapeutic context of systemic psychotherapy, where complex and multifaceted relationships develop between therapists and family members, in front and through the one-way mirror, forming a network of "multiple bonds". Modern views on therapeutic relationship in SFCP have been influenced by the development of the "second order cybernetic", since the late 1980s, and the subsequent "linguistic shift", according to which the therapist, as a part of the therapeutic system, dialogues with family members, contributing to co-constructs  new realities, as a therapeutic change cannot result from a didactic / guiding relationship. In this context, the emotions and feelings of the members of the therapeutic system come to the fore, whilst the issue of clients’ resistance to the treatment process is completely redefined. The research regarding the therapeutic relationship in the systemic approach, using both quantitative and qualitative methods, focused on a variety of dimensions, e.g., the impact of the session context and the used techniques, the degree of empathy between therapists and clients, and the therapeutic alliance that develops between them. In more recent years, the provision of mental health services using digital practices raised new challenges and concerns regarding the development of the therapeutic relationship in the new conditions of cooperation between therapist(s) and client(s) in online settings.


Keywords


therapeutic alliance; therapeutic relationship; systemic family and couple psychotherapy;

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