| More

Economic crisis and youth unemployment: The Greek case

Views: 416 Downloads: 2
Orestis Papadopoulos
Orestis Papadopoulos


Young people have been hard hit by the crisis and the austerity measures implemented in Greece since 2010. After six years of significant changes in the Greek employment and social system young people face burgeoning difficulties to find quality and well-paid jobs while the proliferation of flexible and insecure jobs has taken an epidemic form. This article presents the labour market reforms implemented in Greece and shows that these reforms have shifted the bargaining power in favor of employers as labour power has become rather cheap, flexible and adaptable. The narrative that flexibilization will assist economic growth and generate quality jobs seems to be fading away since most newly created jobs are temporary, part-time and low-paid. The dismantling of collective agreements and labour laws through which young employees used to guarantee some protection has meant that poverty, insecurity and deprivation have become persistent features of their social existence. 

Λέξεις κλειδιά

youth unemployment; economic crisis; trade unions; labour market reforms

Πλήρες Κείμενο:

 Μόνο Συνδρομητές


Adam S and Papatheodorou C (2015) Dismantling the feeble social protection system of Greece: Consequences of the crisis and austerity measures. In: Schubert K, Villota PD and Kuhlmann J (eds) Challenges to the European Welfare Systems. New York: Springer, pp. 271–300.

Amable, B. (2011) ‘Morals and Politics in the Ideology of Neo-Liberalism’, Socio-Economic

Review 9(1): 3-30.

Dedoussopoulos A, Aranitou V, Koutentakis F and Maropoulou M (2013) Assessing the impact of memoranda on the Greek labour market and labour relations. ILO Governance Working Paper 53. Geneva: ILO.

Dietrich H (2013) Youth unemployment in the period 2001– 2010 and the European crisis: Looking at the empirical evidence. Transfer: European Review of Labour and Research 19(3): 305–324.

European Commission (2012) The Second Economic Adjustment Programme for Greece, March. European Economy Occasional Papers 94. Brussels: European Commission.

Eurostat (2012) Unemployment statistics, newsrelease euroindicators, 155/2012–31 October 2012. 1 November 2012. Available at: epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/cache/ITY_PUBLIC/3– 31102012-BP/EN/3–31102012-BP-EN.PDF. (access on 10 august 2016)

Eurostat (2015) Being Young in European today. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2015.

Eurostat (2016) Database population and social conditions: Youth. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/youth/data/database (access on 10 October 2016)

Gallie D and Paugam S (2000) Welfare Programmes and the Experience of Unemployment in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gialis S and Leontidou L (2014) Antinomies of flexibilization and atypical employment in Mediterranean Europe: Greek, Italian and Spanish regions during the crisis. European Urban and Regional Studies. Epub ahead of print August 2014 DOI: 10.1177/0969776414538983

GSEE (2012a) ‘Annual Report 2012: The Greek economy and employment’ (Ετήσια Έκθεση 2012 : Η ελληνική οικονομία και η απασχόληση) (Athens, INE/GSEE-ADEDY).

GSEE (2012b) ‘Statement by the President of GSEE after the Social Dialogue (Δήλωση του Προέδρου της ΓΣΕΕ μετά τη συνάντηση με τους εργοδοτικούς φορείς).

GSEE (2012c) ‘ Circular number 1, To labour fedearations and labour centres controlled by GSEE.

PAME (2012a) ‘Down with the dictatorship of the monopolies’, Workers Counterattack, Issue No3, March 2012.

Guardian (2016) UK workers on zero-hours contracts rise above 800,000. https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/mar/09/uk-workers-on-zero-hours-contracts-rises-above-800000.

Ημερησία (2016) ΄’Στο 23,2% η ανεργία - Απολύουν την «παλιά φρουρά» για νέους με χαμηλότερο μι-σθό’.

http://www.imerisia.gr/article.asp?catid=26516&subid=2&pubid=114178935 (Access on 1 October 2016)

iefimerida (2016) Δημοσκόπηση: Απογοητευμένοι και οργισμένοι 8 στους 10 Ελληνες. http://www.iefimerida.gr/news/289953/dimoskopisi-apogoiteymenoi-kai-orgismenoi-8-stoys-10-ellines

Kretsos L (2014) Youth policy in austerity Europe: the case of Greece. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth 19(1): 35-47.

Matsaganis M, Ferrera M, Capucha L, and Moreno L (2003) Mending Nets in the South: Anti-poverty Policies in Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain. Social Policy & Administration 37 (6): 639-55.

Ministry of Labour and Social Insurance (2012) ‘ΕΓΚΥΚΛΙΟΣ ΑΡΙΘ. 4601/304/12-3-2012, ΓΙΑ

ΤΗΝ ΕΦΑΡΜΟΓΗ ΤΗΣ ΠΑΡ. 6 ΤΟΥ ΑΡΘΡΟΥ 1 ΤΟΥ Ν. 4046/2012’.Hellenic Democracy.

PAME (2012b) ‘No more sacrifices for the plutocracy’ (Οχι άλλες θυσίες για την πλουτοκρατία).

PAME (2012c) ‘Intervention of the All Workers’ Militant Front (PAME), on behalf of the European Office, at the 2nd Youth Conference of the WFTU’.

PAME (2012d) ‘All new employees in 511 euros gross’ (Ολοι οι νέοι εργαζόμενοι στα 511 ευρώ μεικτά).

PAME (2012e) ‘Youth secretariat of PAME: On the document of GSEE to the Minister of Labour’ (Ανακοίνωση για την επιστολή της ΓΣΕΕ στον Υπουργό Εργασίας για τους Νέους).

PAME (2013f) ‘Race against the Action Plan for the exploitation of young people. We support the mobilization of the ΜΑΣ in January 24 14:00 Propylaea’ (Αγώνας κόντρα στο Σχέδιο Δράσης για την υπερεκμετάλλευση των νέων. Στηρίζουμε την κινητοποίηση του ΜΑΣ στις 24 Γενάρη 14.00 μ.μ. στα Προπύλαια).

PAME (2012g) ‘For the participation of youth to the strike rallies of the last 2months’.

Papadopoulos T (2006) Support for the Unemployed in a Familistic Welfare Regime. In: Petmesidou M, Mossialos E (eds) Social Policy Developments in Greece. Aldershot: Ashgate, 219–38.

Papadopoulos O (2016a) Youth unemployment discourses in Greece and Ireland before and during the economic crisis: Moving from divergence to ‘contingent convergence’. Economic and Industrial Democra-cy August 2016 37: 493-515.

Papadopoulos, O( 2016b) . "Economic crisis and youth unemployment: Comparing Greece and Ire-land." European Journal of Industrial Relations: 0959680116632326.

Pohl A and Walther A (2007) Activating the disadvantaged. Variations in addressing youth transitions across Europe. International Journal of Lifelong Education 26: 533–553.

Seferiades S (2003) The European employment strategy against a Greek benchmark: A critique. European Journal of Industrial Relations 9(2): 189–203.

Thetoc.gr (2016) Ντάισελμπλουμ: Να γιατι θαυμάζω τον Αλέξη Τσίπρα. http://www.thetoc.gr/politiki/article/ntaiselmploum-na-giati-thaumazw-ton-aleksi-tsipra

Yannakourou M and Tsimpoukis C (2014) Flexibility without security and deconstruction of collective bargaining: The new paradigm of labor law in Greece. Comparative Labor Law & Policy Journal 35(3): 331–370.

Zambarloukou S (2007) Is There a South European Pattern of Post-Industrial Employment?, South European Society and Politics 12 (4): 425 – 442.

Εισερχόμενη Αναφορά

  • Δεν υπάρχουν προς το παρόν εισερχόμενες αναφορές.