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The efficacy of information interventions for patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A systematic review of randomized trials

Published: Απρ 11, 2023
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation quality of life information provision information needs satisfaction
Asimina Kiropoulou
Maria Katsareli
Ioannis Vasileiadis
Serafeim Nanas

Background: The provision of information to patients is one of the most important factors of supportive cancer care. We conducted a systematic review to detect information-giving interventions and their impact on quality of life, psychological distress and satisfaction of hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients.

Methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from 2010 to 2021 in Pubmed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library and Scopus databases were reviewed.

Results: Eight RCTs with total of 1550 HSCT patients enrolled were identified. Most studies indicated that groups exposed to interventions displayed higher rates of satisfaction. However, the minority of the studies produced significant benefits in terms of distress and quality of life. RCTs were heterogeneous regarding sample size, diagnosis, transplant type and follow-up duration.  

Conclusion: Additional research is needed to make definitive conclusions. More longitudinal multicenter studies with consistency in the methodological approach, assessment and interpretation are necessary.

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