Does paternal acceptance buffer the effect of maternal rejection on victimization in early adolescents? A short-term longitudinal study

Published: Nov 18, 2022
paternal acceptance maternal rejection victimization pre-adolescence moderation
Kyriakos Charalampous
Spyridon Tantaros
Stelios Georgiou
Panayiotis Stavrinides

Parental rejection is a significant predictor of adolescents’ social adjustment, including victimization. Despite the fact that parenting research has largely neglected the role of the father, there are indications that paternal acceptance can play a protective role against maternal rejection. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the effect of maternal rejection indicators on victimization, and to examine whether paternal acceptance moderates this effect, in a cross-cultural sample of 846 (Mage = 12.63, SDage = 1.01, Ngirls = 403) of Greek (N = 471) and Cypriot (N = 375) early adolescents, following a short-term longitudinal research design (six-month interval). Students completed self-report measures. Results indicated that the maternal rejection had a strong effect on victimization six months later, even when taking into account initial victimization levels, and that paternal acceptace moderated this effect to a large extend. The findings are discussed and suggestions for future research are given.

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