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Διαφορές και ομοιότητες στη νοημοσύνη ηλικιωμένων κατοίκων αστικών και αγροτικών περιοχών της Ελλάδας

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Μυρτώ Κουτσονίδα, Επαμεινώνδας Νταφούλης, Γεωργία Παπαντωνίου, Δέσποινα Μωραΐτου (http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0527-7143)
Μυρτώ Κουτσονίδα, Επαμεινώνδας Νταφούλης, Γεωργία Παπαντωνίου, Δέσποινα Μωραΐτου

Περίληψη


Η παρούσα έρευνα αποσκοπούσε να εξετάσει διαφορές και ομοιότητες στη ρέουσα και αποκρυσταλλωμένη νοημοσύνη ηλικιωμένων που κατοικούν σε αστικές και  αγροτικές περιοχές. Το δείγμα αποτελούνταν από 80 άτομα ηλικίας 65-91 ετών τα οποία χωρίστηκαν σε δύο ομάδες, 40 άτομα από αστικές περιοχές και 40 από αγροτικές. Ως έργα που μετρούν ρέουσα νοημοσύνη,  χορηγήθηκαν η φωνολογική συνθήκη της Δοκιμασίας Λεκτικής Ευχέρειας και η Δοκιμασία Ευχέρειας Σχεδιασμού της συστοιχίας Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System. Ως έργα αποκρυσταλλωμένης νοημοσύνης, χορηγήθηκε η σημασιολογική συνθήκη της Δοκιμασίας Λεκτικής Ευχέρειας της D-KEFS και το Ερωτηματολόγιο Σοφού Τρόπου Σκέψης και Δράσης. Τα αποτελέσματα έδειξαν ότι οι ηλικιωμένοι που κατοικούν σε αγροτικές περιοχές είχαν υψηλότερη επίδοση στη σοφία ως διαλεκτική σκέψη και εκτίμηση της αβεβαιότητας της ζωής, σε σύγκριση με τους ηλικιωμένους που διαβιούν σε πόλη. Το ίδιο βρέθηκε και ως προς την επίδοσή τους στη σημασιολογική συνθήκη της Δοκιμασίας Λεκτικής Ευχέρειας, η οποία μετρά τις εκτελεστικές λειτουργίες της έναρξης διαδικασίας και της αναστολής αλλά απαιτεί και σημασιολογική γνώση και μνήμη. 


Λέξεις κλειδιά


Αποκρυσταλλωμένη νοημοσύνη, Γήρας, Διαλεκτική σκέψη, Ρέουσα νοημοσύνη, Σοφία.

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