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Η επίδραση της έκθεσης σε εικόνες προτύπων ελκυστικών ανθρώπων στην εικόνα σώματος των μεσηλίκων

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Στεργιανή Παράσχου (http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1932-7957), Δέσποινα Μωραΐτου (http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0527-7143)
Στεργιανή Παράσχου, Δέσποινα Μωραΐτου


Στόχος της μελέτης ήταν να εξετάσει πώς τα άτομα της Μέσης Ηλικίας αντιλαμβάνονται την Εικόνα Σώματός τους. Το δείγμα αποτελούνταν από 20 άτομα και των δύο φύλων, ισοκατανεμημένα σε δύο ομάδες, πειραματική και ελέγχου. Η πειραματική εκτέθηκε σε εικονικά ερεθίσματα που απεικόνιζαν ελκυστικούς κατά τα ιδανικά πρότυπα της εποχής ανθρώπους, τους οποίους παρουσιάζουν τα Μ.Μ.Ε. Η ομάδα ελέγχου εκτέθηκε σε ελκυστικούς -αλλά όχι σύμφωνα με τα ιδανικά πρότυπα της εποχής- ανθρώπους της «καθημερινής ζωής». Σε όλους τους συμμετέχοντες χορηγήθηκαν ερωτηματολόγια πριν και μετά την έκθεσή τους στις εικόνες, τα οποία μετρούσαν την αυτοεκτίμηση και την τρέχουσα συνολική εικόνα για το σώμα τους. Τα αποτελέσματα έδειξαν πως οι μεσήλικες επηρεάζονται αρνητικά ως προς την ικανοποίηση από την εικόνα σώματός τους, μετά την έκθεσή τους σε εικόνες ελκυστικών ατόμων, ανεξαρτήτως αν το περιεχόμενό τους συμφωνεί με τα ιδανικά πρότυπα της εποχής ή όχι. Ωστόσο, η αυτοεκτίμηση επηρεάστηκε  αρνητικά μόνο για τα άτομα που εκτέθηκαν σε εικόνες που προβάλλουν τα ιδανικά πρότυπα της εποχής. Αντιθέτως, στην περίπτωση της έκθεσης σε εικόνες «καθημερινών» ελκυστικών ατόμων, η αυτοεκτίμηση ανέβηκε.

Λέξεις κλειδιά

μέση ηλικία; εκλυστικότητα; ιδανικά πρότυπα; ικανοποίηση από την εικόνα σώματος

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